We typically have seminars on Wednesdays at noon in Malone 228. For Fall 2021, we will be having seminars virtually using Zoom in this room. All seminar announcements will be sent to the theory mailing list.
Speaker: Leonidas Tsepenekas
Affiliation: University of Maryland
Title: Approximating Two-Stage Stochastic Supplier Problems
The main focus of this talk will be radius-based (supplier) clustering in the two-stage stochastic setting with recourse, where the inherent stochasticity of the model comes in the form of a budget constraint. Our eventual goal is to provide results in the most general distributional setting, where there is only black-box access to the underlying distribution. To that end, we follow a two-step approach. First, we develop algorithms for a restricted version of the problem, in which all possible scenarios are explicitly provided; second, we employ a novel scenario-discarding variant of the standard Sample Average Approximation (SAA) method, in which we also crucially exploit structural properties of the algorithms developed for the first step of the framework. In this way, we manage to generalize the results of the latter to the black-box model. Finally, we note that the scenario-discarding modification to the SAA method is necessary in order to optimize over the radius.
Speaker: Samson Zhou
Affiliation: Carnegie Mellon University
Title: Tight Bounds for Adversarially Robust Streams and Sliding Windows via Difference Estimators
We introduce difference estimators for data stream computation, which provide approximations to F(v)-F(u) for frequency vectors v,u and a given function F. We show how to use such estimators to carefully trade error for memory in an iterative manner. The function F is generally non-linear, and we give the first difference estimators for the frequency moments F_p for p between 0 and 2, as well as for integers p>2. Using these, we resolve a number of central open questions in adversarial robust streaming and sliding window models.
For both models, we obtain algorithms for norm estimation whose dependence on epsilon is 1/epsilon^2, which shows, up to logarithmic factors, that there is no overhead over the standard insertion-only data stream model for these problems.