As society progresses towards increasing levels of embedded, ubiquitous, and autonomous computation, one key societal opportunity is to leverage this technology to maximize human wellbeing. The challenge for wellbeing technology is two-fold, how to precisely measure wellbeing, and how to deliver long-term engaging interventions to optimize wellbeing states and their fundamental components, such as stress. Ultimately, managing stress, for example, can have significant implications in health, wellbeing, productivity, and attention. The current approaches to assessing wellbeing and stress are somewhat limited, as these assessments are based on subjective observations and they impose models of use that do not scale or adapt well to diverse populations. Additionally, little research is done in developing human-centered intervention technology that maximizes engagement over the long term. In this talk, I present my research agenda that focuses on unobtrusive sensing and interventions that are efficacious and engaging, i.e., allowing for long-term use, which is especially important for public health interventions. I present a series of research projects exploring and validating novel ideas on the design of passive “sensorless” sensors and subtle just-in-time personalized interventions. I show the promise of repurposing existing signals from computing peripherals (i.e., mouse and trackpad) or cars (steering wheel) and repurposing existing media as subtle just-in-time interventions. Finally, inspired by biology and the behavioral sciences, I propose we leverage technology to make “mundane” devices, such as chairs, desks, cars, or even urban lights, into devices that deliver personalized, adaptive, and autonomous wellbeing interventions. I close with a brief discussion of the ethical implications and the research needed to systematically study ethics in pervasive wellbeing technology.
Pablo Paredes earned his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley in 2015 with Prof. John Canny. He is currently a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Department, and the Epidemiology and Population Health Department (by courtesy) at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He leads the Pervasive Wellbeing Technology Lab, which houses a diverse group of students from multiple departments such as computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, anthropology, neuroscience, and linguistics. Prior to joining the School of Medicine, Dr. Paredes was a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Computer Science Department at Stanford University with Prof. James Landay. During his Ph.D. career, he held internships on behavior change and affective computing at Microsoft Research and Google. He has been an active associate editor for the Interactive, Mobile, Wireless, and Ubiquitous Technology Journal (IMWUT), as well as a reviewer and editor for multiple top CS and medical journals. Before 2010, he was a senior strategic manager with Intel in Sao Paulo, Brazil, a lead product manager with Telefonica in Quito, Ecuador, and an entrepreneur in his native Ecuador and more recently in the US. In these roles, he has had the opportunity to hire and closely evaluate designers, engineers, business people, and researchers in telecommunications and product development. During his academic career, Dr. Paredes has advised close to 40 mentees including postdocs, Ph.D., master’s, and undergraduate students, collaborated with colleagues from multiple departments across engineering, medicine, and the humanities, and raised funding from NSF, NIH, and large multidisciplinary intramural research projects.
Nicole Perlroth is The New York Times cybersecurity reporter and the author of This Is How They
Tell Me the World Ends, the untold history of the global cyber arms trade and cyberweapons arms
race spanning three decades. Perlroth reveals for the first time the classified market’s origins (a
Russian attack on American embassy), its Godfather, brokers, mercenaries, hackers and its spread
to the furthest corners of the globe, from the United States to Israel, the Middle East, South
America, China and beyond. She documents attacks across nations and how each new attack
builds on the last, as nation states learn and improve upon one another’s playbooks, extending
into high-profile attacks on multi-national companies and private organizations. Perlroth’s
reporting spans the period from the 1990s to the 2020 election and its aftermath, when Russia
has been engaged in a months-long hack of the United States federal government itself, an attack
that Perlroth continues to report for the Times, building on her book’s extraordinary revelations.
Nicole Perlroth is an award-winning cybersecurity journalist for The New York Times, where her work has
been optioned for both film and television. She is a regular lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of
Business and a graduate of Princeton University and Stanford University. She lives with her family in the
Bay Area, but increasingly prefers life off the grid in their cabin in the woods.
IAA and ISI