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Vision: Computer-Integrated Interventional Medicine


Interventional medicine as a closed-loop process: This basic process of 1) combining specific information about the patient with the physician’s general knowledge to determine the patient’s condition; 2) formulating a plan of action; 3) carrying out this plan; and 4) evaluating the results has existed since ancient times. Traditionally, all these steps have taken place in the physicians head. The ability of modern computer-based technology to assist humans in processing and acting on complex information will profoundly enhance this process in the 21st Century.

  For many years, my research has focused on all aspects of computer-integrated interventional medicine. Broadly, this research has included:

This interest was a natural ourgrowth of my earlier experiences imanaging robotics and automation technology groups at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. Computer-based information processing, design, and process equipment has had a profound effect on high technology industries by enabling "closed loop" process control throughout the all phases of design, manufacturing, distribution, and field support. My basic hypothesis has been that this combination of information-based technologies can have just as profound an impact on computer-integrated medicine as it has had on computer-integrated manufacturing.

  My initial explorations in this area included development of the prototype of what became Robodoc system for joint replacement surgery , as well as an early navigation system for craniofacial osteotomies. These experiences led me to establish the Computer-Assisted Surgery Group at IBM Research, where research activities included continued development of Robodoc and navigation systems, as well as the LARS system for minimally-invasive surgery, among other work.

  I moved to Johns Hopkins in 1995, in large part to be closer to the surgeons, radiologists, and other clinicians who are so crucial in developing these systems. Since coming to JHU, I have worked in all aspects of the technology and systems associated with computer-integrated interventional medicine. Some of my more recent projects are listed below.

Some Current and Recent Projects  

 

CISST ERC

The NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology is a multi-institutional, multidisciplinary center whose focus is of basic science, computer-based technology, and engineered systems working cooperatively with surgeons to significantly change the way surgical procedures are carried out in the 21st century.  Significant research focuses include modeling and analysis for treatment planning and control, robotics and human interfaces and systems for minimally-invasive, image-guided percutaneous therapy and microsurgery.

Note: The CISST ERC is still very active, although the CISST web site has only been sporadically maintained since the approximately $33M in NSF "seed money" was spent out in 2009. Volume 1 of the ERC Final Report contains an excellent summary of the ERC progress up to that time.

Primary funding: NSF Grant EEC9731478
Key People: R. Taylor, G. Hager, A. Okamura, G. Fichtinger, P. Kazanzides, R. E. Cummings, L. Hummel, E. Ahmanson, and many, many others

Note: You can learn more about my research from the CISST ERC web site, from my Curriculum Vita and from the web site for the Computer-Integrated Interventional Systems (CIIS) Lab.